Curriculum Guides 2004-2005
(Fall 2004, Spring 2005, Summer 2005)

These curriculum guides are based on the Ohlone College 2004-2005 degree requirements. Students who will be graduating using a different catalog for their degree requirements should see a counselor and/or refer to the appropriate Ohlone College Catalog (view Ohlone's Catalog Rights Policy). All students are encouraged to meet with a counselor to review degree requirements and/or have questions answered.

Math and Science
Certificates of Completion

Including Anthropology: Cultural; Anthropology: Physical; Archaeology; Astronomy; Biology: General; Biology: Human; Biology: Life Sciences Survey; Biology: Research; Biotechnology; Chemistry Lab Skills: Basic; Chemistry Lab Skills: Advanced; Computer Applications in Biotechnology; Earth and Environmental Sciences; Engineering; Geography: Cultural; Geography: Physical; Geographic Information Systems (GIS); Geology; Mathematics: Applied; Mathematics: Pure; Paleobiology; Physical Science; Physics: Introductory; Physics: Advanced.

Requirements for Certificate of Completion:

  1. Complete satisfactorily the courses listed for the particular certificate.
  2. Complete at least 50% of the required units at Ohlone College.
  3. Maintain a 2.0 grade point average.

ANTHROPOLOGY: CULTURAL

The Cultural Anthropology Certificate is awarded to students who have completed courses that trace the historic and prehistoric development and change in various cultures. Upon completion of the certificate requirements students will have completed a comprehensive spectrum of topics including development of language, traditions, belief systems, and economic and political organizations in various cultures. This certificate gives students an appreciation for diverse cultures and it provides a better understanding of the development of world social and political institutions.

Number Title Units
ANTH-101 Physical Anthropology 3
ANTH-101L Physical Anthropology Laboratory 1
ANTH-102 Cultural Anthropology 3
ANTH-104 Survey of North American Indian Cultures 3
GEOG-102 Cultural Geography 3

Choose one course from the following:

Number Title Units
IS-110 Introduction to Ethnic Studies OR (3)
IS-120 Women of the Western World (3)
16

ANTHROPOLOGY: PHYSICAL

The Physical Anthropology Certificate is designed to provide students with a basic foundation in the interaction between biology and culture. Upon completion of this certificate students will have completed lecture and laboratory training in paleontology and biology as these relate to the evolution of man. This certificate is well suited to prepare students to pursue further studies in fields that require an appreciation for our evolutionary and cultural past.

Number Title Units
ANTH-101 Physical Anthropology 3
ANTH-101L Physical Anthropology Laboratory 1
ANTH-102 Cultural Anthropology 3
BIOL-105 Heredity, Evolution, and Society 3
BIOL-130 Introduction to Biology 4
GEOL-103 Paleontology and Dinosaurs 3
17

ARCHAEOLOGY

The Certificate in Archaeology is designed to provide students with the necessary anthropological archaeology skills to either continue for a four-year degree in archaeology or to obtain entry-level employment in cultural resource management. Students who complete this program will be educated in basic concepts, theories, and methods employed by archaeologists in reconstructing past life ways of humans and to aid in the preservation of culture and history. The courses required for this program will also satisfy the entry prerequisites for the Archaeological Technology Certificate Program at Cabrillo College in Aptos, California.

Number Title Units
ANTH-102 Cultural Anthropology 3
ANTH-103 Introduction to Archaeology and Prehistory 3
ANTH-105 Field Archaeology 3
ANTH-104 Survey of North American Indian Cultures 3
CS-101L Computer Applications 2
ENGL-103 Writing That Works 3
17

Recommended Courses: (Optional):

Number Title Units
GEOG-121 Introduction to Geographic Information Systems (2)
GEOG-122 Advanced Desktop GIS (2)
GEOG-123 GIS Projects (2)

ASTRONOMY

Students completing this certificate have received basic knowledge about the properties of stars and planets as well as insight in the physical principles underlying galaxy, star, and planet formation and evolution. In addition, students will have gained some quantitative understanding of measurement techniques involved in the study of these systems.

This knowledge not only provides the first foundation for continued study in astronomy or in the broad and expanding field of environmental sciences, but it will also facilitate paraprofessional employment in the form of research internships with various city, county, state, and private agencies.

Number Title Units
ASTR-101A General Astronomy of the Solar System 3
ASTR-101B General Astronomy Beyond the Solar System 3
MATH-181 Trigonometry 3
9

BIOLOGY: GENERAL

The certificate in General Biology indicates that students have successfully completed a regimen of introductory science courses including chemistry (inorganic and organic), mathematics or physics, and introductory college biology. Most of these courses are transferable and constitute a part of the freshman/sophomore core courses for the bachelor's degree in biology at four-year institutions. Students gain knowledge and laboratory skills in molecular and cell biology, metabolic processes, microscopy, genetics, DNA technology, microbiology, systematics, plant and animal physiology, and evolution and ecology. This certificate prepares students for a wide range of technical positions in private industry (biotechnology, pharmaceutical and medical supply, agricultural, environmental consulting firms, etc.) or in city, state, or federal agencies. This certificate is also ideal for students planning to pursue advanced studies in biology.

Number Title Units
BIOL-101B Principles of Biology - Organisms and Systems 5
CHEM-112B Organic Chemistry 5

Choose one of the following courses:

Number Title Units
MATH-101A Calculus with Analytic Geometry OR 5
PHYS-121 Introduction to Physics II OR (4)
PHYS-142 Heat, Light, and Modern Physics (4)

Choose two units in Biology from the following:

Number Title Units
BIOT-120 Introduction to Scanning Electron Microscopy 1
BIOL-131 Review of Biological Concepts 1
BIOL-201 Special Projects 1
BIOL-202 Special Projects 2
16-17

BIOLOGY: HUMAN

The Human Biology Certificate is designed to provide students with a basic foundation on which to build their understanding of human biology. This certificate program is primarily for those students who will pursue careers as allied health professionals (e.g., nursing, respiratory therapy, and physical therapy assistant programs) and fulfills the typical prerequisite requirements for entry into these programs. Some variations in program requirements make it essential that the student refer to the catalog of the program of interest and consult a counselor.

Number Title Units
BIOL-103A Human Anatomy and Physiology 4
BIOL-103B Human Anatomy and Physiology 4
BIOL-130 Introduction to Biology 4

Choose one course from the following:

Number Title Units
BIOL-106 Microbiology OR 5
BIOL-107 Microbiology and Infectious Diseases (3)
13-17

BIOLOGY: LIFE SCIENCES SURVEY

This certificate demonstrates that students have received training in biological principles as they relate to evolution, human systems, and the interaction of humans with their natural world. Current techniques and issues in genetics, ecology, and disease are emphasized. This certificate provides the basics for further studies in the life sciences.

Choose one course from the following:

Number Title Units
BIOL-130 Introduction to Biology OR 4
BIOT-105 Biotechnology: Basic Skills (3)

Complete at least three of the following courses:

Number Title Units
BIOL-105 Heredity, Evolution, and Society 3
BIOL-107 Microbiology for Infectious Diseases 3
BIOL-108 Human Ecology 3
BIOL-109 Biology of Sexual Reproduction 3
BIOL-140 Sierra Nevada Natural History 3
12-13

BIOLOGY: RESEARCH

This certificate in Research Biology indicates that students have successfully completed a range of introductory chemistry and biology courses enhanced by coursework emphasizing laboratory techniques and skills. Students completing this certificate will have gained hands-on practice in many techniques relating to DNA technology (PCR, gene cloning, gel electrophoresis, southern blotting, aseptic techniques, computer data analysis among others), microscopy (specimen preparation and viewing for light, dissecting, and electron microscopes), spectrophotometry, chromotography, cytogenetic techniques, and other research skills. This certificate provides students with the basic theoretical and practical background for various entry-level technical positions in biotechnology or other laboratory-oriented private industry and city, state, or federal agencies. The certificate is also appropriate for transfer students who want to enhance their research skills prior to transfer. (Note: Transfer students should consult institutions to which they intend to transfer to determine the transferability of courses required for this certificate.)

Number Title Units
BIOL-100B Introduction to Scanning Electron Microscopy 1
BIOL-101B Principles of Biology--Organisms and Systems 5
BIOL-100C Introduction to Biotechnology 3
BIOT-110A Biotechnology Lab I 3
CHEM-101B General Chemistry 5
17

BIOTECHNOLOGY

This certificate program provides students with an excellent preparation in various protocols and hands-on laboratory skills used in many biotechnology companies. A goal of the program is to prepare students for entry-level positions in biotech and pharmaceutical companies.

Number Title Units
BIOT-105 Biotechnology: Basic Skills 4
BIOT-110A* Biotechnology Lab I 3
BIOT-110B Advanced Biotechnology Theory and Applications 3
BIOT-111* Biotechnology Lab II 2
BIOT-121 Careers in Biotechnology 1
CHEM-109 Chemistry for Health Science and Biotechnology 4
17

Optional courses (recommended):

Number Title Units
BIOT-112 Introduction to Bioinformatics (2)
BIOT-120 Introduction to Scanning Electron Microscopy (1)
BIOT-203 Biotechnology Internship (3)

*Must be taken at Ohlone College with a grade of “B” or better.

CHEMISTRY LAB SKILLS: BASIC

This certificate emphasizes basic laboratory skills including titration, pipetting, UV/Vis spectrophotometry, and solution preparation. Advantageous to any student interested in science, this certificate demonstrates a basic mastery of lab protocols in an inorganic lab setting. This certificate is highly recommended for stock room assistants and similar positions.

Number Title Units
CHEM-101A General Chemistry 5
CHEM-101B General Chemistry 5
10

CHEMISTRY LAB SKILLS: ADVANCED

This certificate in Advanced Chemistry Lab Skills emphasizes basic laboratory skills, plus experience with distillation, refluxing, purification techniques, melting point determinations, and hands-on use of FTIR. Ideal for the students seeking a research internship, this certificate demonstrates advanced skill and the ability to work independently in both organic and inorganic lab settings. Students receiving this certificate would be best qualified for more selective internships or employment in a chemical lab.

Number Title Units
CHEM-112A Organic Chemistry 5
CHEM-112B Organic Chemistry 5
10

COMPUTER APPLICATIONS IN BIOTECHNOLOGY

The field of computer applications in biotechnology is a complex hybrid of two distinct scientific disciplines—computer technology and bioscience. This certificate is designed to provide an understanding of bioinformatics and other computer related subjects for students whether or not they possess a background in bioscience. This program is also useful for students who desire to explore this new information science in which computers help to simulate, visualize, and analyze genetic and biological information. This certificate provides an introduction to the fundamental scientific and computational concepts, methods, and tools central to the growing field of computer applications in biotechnology.

Students who complete this program will be able to do the following:

  • Explain in writing the cutting-edge biological concepts and technologies in biotechnology;
  • Use the main databases, tools, and methods for the storage, searching, and analysis of biological molecules;
  • Solve computational problems common to bioinformatics and apply classical computer science solutions to biotechnology;
  • Use the statistical analysis software systems for data analysis and manipulation with emphasis on bioinformatics tasks;
  • Describe the basic fundamentals of cells, major cellular components, DNA, and proteins;
  • Use basic sequence analysis techniques in bioinformatics;
  • Apply fundamental algorithms in biomolecular sequence analysis to problem solving in biotechnology.
Number Title Units
BIOT-112 Introduction to Bioinformatics 2
BIOT-121 Biotechnology Careers 1
CS-131/BIOT-131 Computing Concepts in Biotechnology 4
CS-133/BIOT-133 SAS Programming 3
CS-132/BIOT-132 DNA Computing OR 1
BIOT-122 Introduction to Nanobiotechnology (2)
11-12

EARTH AND ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCES

This Certificate of Completion signifies that students have received basic knowledge of the earth sciences, environmental problems, and skills, which facilitate paraprofessional employment such as environmental technician, field assistant, as well as internships with various city, county, state, and private agencies. The certificate also provides a good foundation for continued study in the broad and expanding field of environmental sciences.

Number Title Units
BIOL-108 Human Ecology 3
GEOG-121 Introduction to Geographic Information Systems (GIS) 2
GEOG-102 Introduction to Oceanography 3
GEOG-102L Oceanography Laboratory 1
GEOG-103 Paleontology and Dinosaurs 3
GEOG-103L Paleontology Laboratory 1
  Choose from the list below 4
17

Choose from the following:

Number Title Units
GEOG-101 Physical Geography AND 3
GEOG-101L Physical Geography Laboratory OR 1
GEOL-101 Introduction to Geology AND (3)
GEOL-101L Physical Geology Laboratory (1)

ENGINEERING

This certificate demonstrates that students have completed classes that serve as a beginning foundation for a career in engineering. These courses emphasize the application of scientific and mathematical principles to solving practical problems.

Number Title Units
MATH-104 Differential Equations 5
PHYS-141 Electricity and Magnetism 4

Choose one course from the following:

Number Title Units
ENGI-120 Engineering Mechanics – Statics OR 3
ENGI-130 Electric Circuit Analysis OR (4)
ENGI-140 Materials Engineering (3)
12-13

GEOGRAPHIC INFORMATION SYSTEMS (GIS)

GIS is a computer-based database management system for capture, storage, retrieval, analysis, and display of spatial data. Students who complete this program will be better prepared to map data for decision-making in business, environmental protection, risk assessment, utility planning and management, emergency response, land use planning, transportation planning, delivery route planning, real estate, and crime prevention.

Number Title Units
GEOG-121 Introduction to Geographic Information Systems (GIS) 2
GEOG-122 Advanced Desktop GIS 2
GEOG-123 GIS Projects 2
  Choose one course or combination of courses from the list below 3-4
9-10

Choose one course or combination of courses from the following:

Number Title Units
ANTH-102 Cultural Anthropology (3)
ANTH-105 Field Archaeology (3)
BIOL-108 Human Ecology (3)
GEOG-101 Physical Geography AND (3)
GEOG-101L Physical Geography Laboratory (1)
GEOG-104 World's Nations (3)
GEOL-101 Introduction to Geology AND (3)
GEOL-101L Physical Geology Laboratory (1)
RE-122 Real Estate Practice (3)
SOC-102 Social Problems of a Diverse Society (3)

GEOGRAPHY: CULTURAL

This Certificate of Completion signifies that students have received basic training in regional variations of the world, as well as human modification of the physical environment. Upon completion of this certificate students will have lab experience with map analysis, weather, and the earth's landform features and will be educated in current theories of how different cultures use, abuse, or otherwise change the earth. This certificate provides an excellent background for careers in public policy and environmental impact.

Number Title Units
ANTH-102 Cultural Anthropology 3
BIOL-108 Human Ecology 3
GEOG-101 Physical Geography 3
GEOG-101L Physical Geography Laboratory 1
GEOG-104 The World's Nations 3
13

GEOGRAPHY: PHYSICAL

The Physical Geography Certificate is awarded for studies in geology and related courses; emphasis is placed on human modification of the physical environment and ecology. Students explore weather and climate, land forms, soil, water quality, and environmental management. This certificate is a good foundation for students interested in environmental fields.

Number Title Units
GEOG-101 Physical Geography 3
GEOG-101L Physical Geography Laboratory 1
GEOG-104 The World's Nations 3
GEOL-101 Introduction to Geology 3
GEOL-101L Physical Geology Laboratory 1
PHS-135 Physical Science 4

Choose one course from the following:

Number Title Units
BIOL-108 Human Ecology OR 3
BIOL-140 Sierra Nevada Natural History OR (3)
PHS-135 Physical Science (4)
14-15

GEOLOGY

This Certificate of Completion signifies that students have received basic knowledge in geological sciences and skills, which facilitate paraprofessional employment such as geological technician and geological field assistant. It also provides a good foundation for continued study in the field of geology.

Number Title Units
GEOG-121 Introduction to Geographic Information Systems (GIS) 2
GEOL-101 Introduction to Geology 3
GEOL-101L Physical Geology Laboratory 1
GEOL-102 Introduction to Oceanography 3
GEOL-102L Oceanography Laboratory 1
GEOL-103 Paleontology and Dinosaurs 3
GEOL-103L Paleontology Laboratory 1
14

MATHEMATICS: APPLIED

The certificate in Applied Math provides students with the mathematical background required to succeed in subsequent courses in math, physics, and engineering.

Number Title Units
MATH-101C Calculus With Analytic Geometry 5
MATH-104 Differential Equations 5
PHYS-140 Mechanics 4
14

MATHEMATICS: PURE

The certificate in Pure Math provides students with the mathematical background required to succeed in subsequent courses in math, physics, computer science, and engineering. This certificate differs from that in Applied Math due to the inclusion of Linear Algebra. Linear Algebra provides students with what is often their first taste of the theoretical math seen in upper division courses.

Number Title Units
MATH-101C Calculus With Analytic Geometry 5
MATH-103 Introduction to Linear Algebra 3
MATH-104 Differential Equations 5
13

PALEOBIOLOGY

This Certificate of Completion signifies that students have received basic knowledge in natural sciences and skills, which facilitate paraprofessional employment such as geological/biological field assistant and field naturalist. It also provides a good foundation for continued study in a broad variety of scientific fields including Biology, Geology, and Paleontology.

Number Title Units
ANTH-101 Physical Anthropology 3
ANTH-101L Physical Anthropology Laboratory 1
BIOL-130 Introduction to Biology 4
GEOL-103 Paleontology and Dinosaurs 3
GEOL-103L Paleontology Laboratory 1

Choose one from the following:

Number Title Units
GEOG-101 Physical Geography AND 3
GEOG-101L Physical Geography Laboratory OR 1
GEOL-101 Introduction to Geology AND (3)
GEOL-101L Physical Geology Laboratory (1)

PHYSICAL SCIENCE

The Certificate in Physical Sciences is awarded for studies of the physical world from the very small to the infinite. Upon completion of this certificate students will have investigated such phenomena as light, energy, the states of matter, chemical reactions, the formation of planet earth, and its place in the universe. This certificate provides an excellent foundation for further studies in science education and other fields.

Number Title Units
PHYS-108 Survey of Physics 3

Choose one course from the following:

Number Title Units
CHEM-101A General Chemistry OR 5
CHEM-106A Principles of Chemistry OR (4)
CHEM-108 Survey of Chemistry (3)

Choose one group from the following:

Number Title Units
GEOL-101 Introduction to Geology AND 3
GEOL-101L Physical Geology Laboratory OR 1
GEOL-102 Introduction to Oceanography AND (3)
GEOL-102L Oceanography Laboratory (1)

Choose one course from the following:

Number Title Units
ASTR-101A General Astronomy of the Solar System AND 3
ASTR-102 General Astronomy Laboratory OR 1
ASTR-101B General Astronomy Beyond the Solar System AND (3)
ASTR-102 General Astronomy Laboratory (1)
12-16

PHYSICS: INTRODUCTORY

This certificate provides students with a solid foundation in the general principles of physics, as well as experience with a wide variety of mechanical and electrical measurement techniques. In addition, students will gain a deeper and concrete understanding of the properties of materials and matter in the solid, liquid, and gaseous state and of the experimental processes involved in the measurement and analysis of these properties.

This certificate presents students with material that forms the necessary basis for continued study in many fields of science, in particular the biosciences and the earth and environmental sciences. The certificate also prepares students for paraprofessional employment in the form of research internships with various city, county, state, and private agencies and various technician positions in the fields of electrical and environmental technology.

Number Title Units
MATH-181 Trigonometry 3
PHS-135 Physical Science 4
PHYS-120 Introduction to Physics I 4
PHYS-121 Introduction to Physics II 4
15

PHYSICS: ADVANCED

This certificate provides students with a solid physical and mathematical foundation of the general principles and theorems of physics, as well as experience with measurements of important physical quantities in the fields of mechanics, electricity and magnetism, optics and thermal physics.

Upon completion of this certificate students will be very well prepared to engage in continued and fundamental studies in the fields of engineering, physics, mathematical physics, or astronomy. The certificate also prepares students to work in various research institutions and companies as research assistant or on internships.

Number Title Units
MATH-101C Calculus with Analytic Geometry 5
PHYS-140 Mechanics 4
PHYS-141 Electricity and Magnetism 4
PHYS-142 Heat, Light, and Modern Physics 4
17

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