Online Supplement: Library Periodicals
Instructions for Activity 4:
How To Write A Summary
Now having read the first nine paragraphs, read the following, ONE-SENTENCE SUMMARIES OF THE MAJOR SUPPORTING IDEAS.
Statement of Purpose and One-Sentence Summaries
Statement of the Author's Purpose:
Eric Berne is trying to show the reader how and why a person's body type may indicate a good deal about the person's personality characteristics.
One-Sentence Summaries of the Major Supporting Ideas:
- Paragraph 1:
- The human embryo has three layers: (1) inside layer (stomach, lungs); (2) middle layer (bones, muscles, blood vessels); and (3) outside (3) layer (brain, nervous system).
- Paragraph 2:
- Most humans have an equal share of each layer, but in some people one layer grows more than the other.
- Paragraph 3:
- Some people are digestion-bodies and look thick; some are muscle-bodied and look wide; and some are brain-bodied and look long or slender.
- Paragraph 4:
- Medical men use Greek words to describe the three body types: (1) endomorph, coming from the inside layer of the egg or embryo; (2) mesomorph, from the middle layer; and (3) ectomorph, from the outside layer.
- Paragraph 5:
- The viscerotonic endomorph is usually belly-minded; the somatotonic mesomorph is usually muscle minded; and the cerebrotonic ectomorph is usually brain minded.
- Paragraph 6:
- (No major supporting details.) This is a transitional paragraph.
- Paragraph 7:
- The viscerotonic endomorph has a thick, round soft body with a big belly, thick neck, and big thighs.
- Paragraph 8:
- He likes people, banquets, baths and sleep and is exemplified by the thickset, cigar-smoking politician.
- Paragraph 9:
- He likes to take in food, affection and approval.