DEFAULT PREVENTION

INTRODUCTION AND BACKGROUND

Although not required by the Department of Education to have a default prevention plan in place, the Financial Aid Office at Ohlone College makes significant efforts in the areas of default prevention and debt management. This document, a part of Ohlone College's Financial Aid Policies and Procedures, describes these efforts and presents information about the institution's loan program that helps guide these efforts. The Financial Aid Office is responsible for implementation of this plan.

 

OHLONE COLLEGE STUDENT LOAN BORROWER POPULATION

To understand the default prevention and debt management efforts for loan borrowers, it is helpful to see Ohlone College's borrowing population in the context of the institution. Ohlone College serves almost 12,000 students annually and processes over 70 loan applications per academic year. In the Fall 2017 term, Ohlone College had 8,436 enrolled students, 58% of which were part-time. For the 2017-2018 academic year, Ohlone College awarded 5.9 million dollars in grant aid to 53% of the student body, and only 1% of these students took out student loans in addition to grant aid.

OHLONE COLLEGE'S HISTORICAL DEFAULT RATES

Ohlone College's default rates, over time, have fluctuated widely – primarily due to the small size of the cohort – two or three additional borrowers who default in a particular cohort can have a size able impact on the resulting cohort rate.

  BORROWERS
DOE COHORT YEAR DOE CDR # IN REPAYMENT # IN DEFAULT
2017 4% 74 3
2016 5.1% 98 5
2015 10.5% 104 11
2014 14.1% 127 18
2013 18.8% 159 30
2012 12.9% 116 15
2011 10.7% 167 18
2010 17.2% 139 24

 

Ohlone College's 2017 Draft Rate (released in February of 2020) is: 4% (3/74), and the school's trial three-year rates (from NSLDS trial rate reports) are: 2014 3-year trial is 14.1%; 2015 3-year trial is 10.5%; and 2016 3-year trial is 5.1%.

The table below show Public 2-year Associate Degree granting schools with similar sized cohorts (+/- 10 borrowers) and their 2007, 2006, and 2005 rates. These institutions provide benchmarks for Ohlone College, and show that similar institutions with same size cohorts also experience wide fluctuations in rates over time.

School Code School Name State 07 N 07 D 07 Rate 06 N 06 D 06 Rate 05 N 05 D 05 Rate
007738 Southern Arkansas University Tech AR 17 107 15.8 17 128 13.2 15 123 12.1
001102 Ouachita Technical College AR 12 107 11.2 11 71 15.4 5 69 7.2
001224 Los Angeles Harbor College CA 5 107 4.6 5 87 5.7 6 87 6.8
013536 Coastline Community College CA 6 109 5.5 10 123 8.1 11 121 9
001485 Florida Keys Community College FL 21 110 19 16 126 12.6 12 122 9.8
009231 Washington County Comm Coll ME 13 110 11.8 9 59 15.2 9 122 7.3
008038 Middlesex Community College CT 18 111 16.52 12 91 13.1 2 41 4.8
001913 Dodge City Community College KS 18 112 16 21 155 13.5 9 130 6.9
001191 Diablo Valley College CA 6 114 5.2 10 139 7.1 17 156 10.8
010390 Windward Community College HI 11 114 9.6 21 133 15.7 15 153 9.8
001104 Phillips Comm Coll of the U of AR AR 10 115 8.6 15 152 9.8 15 99 16.1
005258 Hawaii Community College HI 24 117 20.5 18 140 12.8 12 143 8.3
014311 Berkeley City College CA 19 118 16.1 12 112 10.7 9 105 8.5
006982 Naugatuck Valley Community College CT 13 119 10.9 5 139 3.5 7 119 5.8
004453 El Centro College TX 10 121 8.2 16 137 11.6 13 123 10.5
003816 Southern WV Comm and Tech College WV 22 121 18.1 21 115 18.2 6 66 9
001217 Lassen College CA 31 122 25.4 21 117 17.9 15 99 16.1
001643 Spoon River College IL 18 124 14.5 28 146 19.1 12 112 10.7
008597 Feather River College CA 11 125 8.8 21 125 16.8 16 91 17.5
013537 Waycross College GA 9 125 7.2 9 116 7.7 14 128 10.9
006981 Gateway Community College CT 13 126 10.3 7 149 4.6 10 123 8.1
008308 Cecil College MD 14 126 11.1 12 126 9.5 10 111 9
034835 Cascadia Community College WA 6 126 4.7 10 143 6.9 8 142 5.6
009765 Three Rivers Community College CT 8 127 6.2 16 138 11.5 9 122 7.3
001669 Danville Area Community College IL 19 127 14.9 23 121 19 11 108 10.1
037894 River Parishes Community College LA 16 127 12.5 5 70 7.1      

 

ORGANIZATION OF DEBT MANAGEMENT ACTIVITIES

This document is organized using Ohlone College’s “Life of the Loan” approach, and describes the default prevention and debt management efforts of the Financial aid Office at each stage of the borrower’s loan:

  1. Pre-enrollment Activities
  2. At initial enrollment/application for financial aid
  3. Upon re-borrowing for 2nd year
  4. Upon withdrawal or graduation
  5. Upon entering repayment
  6. During repayment/cohort management
  1. PRE-ENROLLMENT ACTIVITIES

    The Ohlone College Financial Aid web site provides information pertaining to student loans. This site includes links to the Department of Education’s Direct Lending program as well as the GRAD Ready Financial Literacy Modules. Financial Aid Counselors conduct workshops on campus, at local high schools and for faculty/staff. They also present the Financial Aid Overview at all mandatory new student orientation programs. All of these sessions and workshops include information on borrowing and repayment.

  2. AT INITIAL ENROLLMENT/APPLICATION FOR FINANCIAL AID

    The loan section of the Financial Aid Office web site expresses the philosophy of careful consideration before borrowing and emphasizes the potential hazards of over borrowing. The packaging philosophy focuses on grant and gift aid—loans are not part of a student’s award notification.  All students who qualify for a loan receive a letter from the Financial Aid Office informing them that the loan application has been processed and what their total loan indebtedness is.  First-time borrowers must complete Two (2) Financial Literacy Modules prior to loan certification.   After a student’s loan is disbursed, a notification is sent to the student informing them that they have the option of reducing or canceling a portion or the entire loan.

  3. UPON RE-BORROWING FOR 2ND YEAR

    The Financial Aid Office has required that second-year borrowers still complete entrance counseling to remind them of their borrowing obligations and their increasing debt. In addition, the completion of one (1) additional Financial Literacy Modules is required prior to loan certification.  Financial Aid Workshops on scholarships, student employment and life skills management are offered monthly.

  4. UPON GRADUATION OR WITHDRAWAL

    Graduation:
    The Ohlone College Registrar’s Office sends a report to the Financial Aid Office of students who have applied for graduation. The Financial Aid Office contacts these students to notify them of the exit counseling requirement, and online as well as in-person exit counseling are offered. Students who do not complete the required exit counseling have a hold placed on their student account which prevents them from receiving their diploma or any Ohlone College services until the exit requirements have been satisfied.

    Withdrawal
    Students who withdraw from Ohlone College are sent an exit packet which directs them to studentloans.gov to complete their exit counseling. 

  5. UPON ENTERING REPAYMENT

    Ohlone College has uses in house reporting to track Borrowers going into repayment to ensure that payments are made on time or that the necessary forms have been completed so that students have made necessary repayment options. Notification is sent out to students as they near the end of their 6 month grace period and entering repayment. We work to connect the Borrower to their loan services if assistance is needed to have them enrolled into a payment plan that works best for them.

  6. DURING REPAYMENT/COHORT MANAGEMENT

    Throughout repayment, Ohlone College uses in house tracking reports to send delinquency, deferment, and forbearance letters and emails to borrowers. This tool has been used for several years. This communication generally generates telephone conversation with the borrowers, and Shawn Domingo is the primary owner of the activities managing this communication.  Borrower detail reports are monitored.


MEASURING THE EFFECTIVENESS OF OHLONE COLLEGE'S PLAN

Each year, Ohlone College will evaluate its financial aid packaging policies, taking into account institutional as well as student needs. The focus of this review will be to encourage conservative borrowing by students and to promote scholarships, other gift aid, and federal work/study in lieu of loans, and will tie into the institutional effectiveness plan. The Financial Aid Officer will examine on an ongoing basis this default management plan to assess its effectiveness. As part of this assessment, the Financial Aid team will work closely with the California Community College system, evaluate plans used by other institutions, review useful Web sites, and attend default prevention conferences and workshops to ensure that Ohlone College delivers the most effective programs and services to its students.